The 60-odd thermal springs of this spa town where the rivers Teplá, Ohře and Rolava meet have attracted many famous visitors, among them Tsar Peter I, Goethe, Brahms, Bismarck, the Empress Maria Theresa and the more modern hero, Soviet astronaut Yuri Gagarin. Nowadays 60.000 people live here and people from all over the world come to také the waters and soak in the drandeur of the many old buildings throughout the town to which the Bohemian King and Holy Roman Emperor, Charles IV, gave his name in the 14th century.

The local thermal springs are rich in dissolved minerals and carbon dioxide and are particularly good for the treatment of diseases of the digestive system and metabolic disorders. The mineral water are used for drinking cures and baths as well as the extraction of medicinal salts. Today the thermal springs get to the surface through bore holes sometimes 80 m /262 ft/ deep. Water taken from the Mlýnský pramen /Mill Spring/ is bottled and visitors often buy souvenirs made of sinter, a kind of clay produced by the springs.

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